Sunday, July 8, 2018

Eat Your VEGGIES!

It's the old battle royale.  Kids versus parents:  Getting your kids to eat their VEGGIES!  First, know that you are NOT alone.  Parents all over the world have this same exact struggle.  You might think you are alone, but alas, you are not.  I joke, but only to make light of the situation, because otherwise you might cry at the dinner table and we don't want the kiddos seeing that.  They may think they've won this here battle and well, we can't have that.  To help turn your veggie loather into a veggie lover, here are a few tips and tricks, otherwise known as probably what you've already heard before, but may just be what you need to hear again.  



Set an example.  I know this probably goes without saying, but ‘tis true.  You are the ultimate role model for all things, food included.  If you aren’t eating veggies your kids aren’t eating veggies.  I know many people didn’t grow up eating veggies and that’s the said excuse.  But I will be 100% honest with you when I tell you that kids do form their eating habits at an early age.  It’s best to get them started at an early age as this will set the tone for their adult eating habits.  Even if veggies weren’t your thing, aren’t your thing, you best start making them your thing.  Eat veggies, not only for your kid’s health, but also YOUR health. 



Make food fun.  I’m not sure when cooking turned into being such a dreaded chore.  Oh yeah I do.  That moment when everyone at the table complains about the food on the table night after night.  Oh yeah, that’s why.  We’ve lost the fun when it comes to food.  Kids are a great example of tapping into our inner child-like spirit of make believe and games.  They love to pretend.  So use that “pretending” with their veggies.  Maybe they are a dinosaur that needs to eat miniature trees in order to outrun Tyrannosaurus Rex.   Yes, I know you just got through with a long day at the office and the last thing you want to do is entertain your kids in this manner.  But guess what?  Odds are they might buy into this game and try to eat some miniature trees.   You never know until you try.  I am not saying it will work each and every time, but start thinking like a child and you might be surprised what other creative ways you can come up.  Keep reading if you’re still not sure.



Get them involved.  This goes along with why cooking became a dreaded chore, dinner always seems for some reason to fall on one person in the house.  Cooking dinner should be conquered with teamwork, a division of duties if you will.  Get EVERYONE involved – kids take ownership in things they prepare and are more likely to want to eat food that they prepare.  Yes I know it will be messier to have the kids involved in the preparation, but remember what I said at the beginning?   This is a TEAM effort.  That means they too are involved in the clean-up process.   And taking this a step further, have the kids involved in deciding what foods are eaten during the week.  Allow them to have choices – and no I am not saying mac-n-cheese with chicken nuggets every night, but I do believe they may have some insight into what veggies they do like and what veggies they might be willing to try (yes, they need to help with this also).  Additionally as kids get older have them start finding recipes online that might make them more willing to try a veggie.  One other area of involvement, if you’re into this kind of thing, is to have them grow their own food, yes that’s right, plant a garden.  What better way for them to see the food from the ground to the table and how much work it takes to grow what they’re eating.  That’s a whole other level of involvement, but if you are into gardening, definitely get the kids involved.  And if you don’t have a green thumb (like me) take the kids to farmer’s market and/or u-pick fields where they can see how food grows.  Involve them in their food selection, growth, and preparation; it will change their outlook on food.

Grown in Mom's backyard.  Once you see how long it takes a pineapple to grow, you'll definitely appreciate them more!

Enforce a “one-bite rule” – And if you don’t agree with me on this point, see my next point below as to why this is a “rule” versus the next point (and if you’re confused just read on, you’ll see what I’m talking about).  Research does consistently show that when children initially reject a food they must be exposed to it at least 8-10 times in order for them to ultimately accept that previously rejected food.  Take a second to breathe all of that in.  8-10 exposures?  That’s a lot of rejection.  Just another reason why food isn’t fun anymore.  I really am trying to make light of this a little bit and you should as well.  Your job as a parent is to expose children to the food.  Children’s jobs are to eat the food you prepare and provide.  It doesn’t mean they will always like what you prepare (or they even start helping to prepare) but the fact remains you have to keep exposing the kids to these foods in order for them to start possibly accepting them (who knows what day that will be, but keep the faith and keep on serving veggies!)  And this all starts with just one bite.  That’s right.  Encourage your children to at least take one bite (an established rule before sitting at the table, not to be an argument when at the table to disrupt discord while at the table).  One bite, that’s it.  No ewww, yuck, or gross, just one bite.  They may like it and they may not, but at least they’ve tried it to find out whether they do or not.  And that leads me to my next tip:



Don’t force them to finish.  I know it’s tempting to make them have to finish everything on their plate.  Maybe that’s the way you were raised or maybe you’re using it as a form of punishment because you were the only one that prepared dinner and now no one is even eating what you made.  No, that’s not the reason, surely not.  We want a positive eating experience not a negative one (and yes, I know they may have ruined your dining experience by making it such a difficult chore to have to eat their veggies) but keep in mind this is also part of a control/independence situation where they do ultimately get to control what they are eating.  You cannot force them to eat their veggies as much as you would like to.  It creates a not so great eating experience and can end up reinforcing picky eating habits that you’d rather just went away.  So, go back to my previous point and stick with the one-bite rule.  It’s much easier for you to have a better dining experience for all at the table.  Promise. 


Explain the importance of veggies.  Once again, obvi, but often forgotten.  Instead of “eat your veggies, because I said so”, bring light to the reason why those veggies are so important to eat.  Create a conversation as to what goodness/benefit/function they are getting from each and every vegetable.    I think every kid wants to perform better at their sport, grow bigger and stronger, and/or “be like Mike” and that all starts with eating their veggies aka those vitamins and minerals are so important for us to function at our peak performance.  Which leads me to my next point.



Offer a variety of colors.  Kids do love colors, so this is helpful when it comes to eating veggies.  You can expose them to more colors by adding different vegetables to their plates.  Just keep in mind that while adults like their flavors to mingle, kids do not.  Make sure to keep their vegetables separate.  Get creative in the way you offer the veggies.  Even though kids may like their vegetables separate, you can create patterns with their veggies and/or even create shapes with their food.  Always keep it light and fun, this helps the overall atmosphere at the table too.  Yes, make food fun again!


Flavor, flavor, flavor.  Ever had a not so great experience with food?  Unripe papaya would be the first that comes to mind for me.  I love papaya, but if you cut one open too soon and it’s under ripe, you won’t catch me eating it anytime soon.  So, consider this when offering veggies to kids.  They have to have flavor (once again, obvi I know, but sometimes is lost in the struggle to get our kids to eat veggies).  No bland veggies.  Please and thank you.  I think one of the ways to think about this is to offer one vegetable in a variety of ways to allow kids to choose which way they may have enjoyed it the best.   Reiterate that there is no ew, yuck, or gross at the table, but if there was a thumbs down, maybe try offering that same vegetable prepared in a different manner.  That’s right, just because they didn’t like it one way doesn’t mean they won’t like it another way.  It really truly is all about flavor (and keep in mind kids’ taste buds grow as they grow.  This is an important point to remember…so, yes, one day they will like veggies.  We don’t know when that day will be, but one day they will!)



Stick with it!  Consistency really is the key.  Some children are more difficult than others and will require more effort and patience (yes, you know which children they are, just don’t let them know which ones they are).  Kids are developing their eating habits at a young age, so it’s important to know that these habits do stick with them through adulthood.  Whatever you do, don’t throw in the towel. 

Here are just a few more ideas of ways to get kids to eat veggies.  And as I said earlier, I'm not here to perform miracles, (I wish) these are simply some ways to help have kids exposed to veggies.  There might be a way you hadn't though about previously that will inspire you this week.  

Kids LOVE to dip their food.  What better way to expose kids to veggies than with different dips?  
Hummus, tzatziki, guacamole, salsa, ranch dressing (made with yogurt) - there are more dips than this, but these are a few examples to get you started!

Roasted Potatoes with Chimichurri - definitely a sauce worth trying.

Veggie “Fries” – Let’s be honest, kids love fries.  Why not turn zucchini into a fry? (and I’m not talking fry it like a real fry, I’m talking roast it with a panko bread to make it taste fried, but not be fried.  It works, I’ve done it.  Really any veggie can be turned into a “fry” – butternut squash, green beans – it’s all about the coating and the high heat. 

While these aren't fries, these are zucchini "chips" - cooked at a low-temperature for a very long time.  They totally taste like chips, but are zucchini.

I’m not about tricking kids and putting veggies in foods that they don’t think are there.  I want the kids to be exposed to the veggies, but there are ways to expose kids to veggies in foods that they are familiar with:  broccoli in their mac-n-cheese; spinach in their quesadilla; kale in a quinoa patty; carrots in their spaghetti sauce.  The kids may pick them out (my nephew surely does) but at least the exposure is there and no trickery has gone on.

Pasta is always a great one to have included (not hidden) veggies in - again, be open and tell the kids what is in the sauce.  Odds are they won't even notice.
Try spiralizing different veggies – beets, sweet potato, zucchini – sometimes kids like noodles.  And yes, they don’t taste like pasta, but kids might like slurping their “noodles” up.

These are just a few tips and tricks to try with the kiddos (or adults for that matter - adults you know who you are).  My final parting thoughts:  Keep food fun.  Stay consistent.  Keep offering those veggies.  And whatever you do, delete this page from your search history - we can't have the kids knowing we were talking about them.  
Just a little fun with food.





Sunday, June 24, 2018

The Health Channel - Heart Health


South Florida WPBT2 and Baptist Health South Florida have collaborated to bring you The Health Channel  - a TV channel connecting you with medical and health professionals in real time.  Cardiology, Psychology, Dermatology – are just a few of the specialties covered.  This past week I had the privilege to record my 1st episode on “All things heart health”.  This coming week I’ll be featured with my two co-workers discussing “Smart Snacking/Hydration for the summer”.  If you weren’t able to tune in, here’s a re-cap of some of the topics I discussed.

One question as a dietitian I’m always asked is “Do I need fat in my diet?”  Throughout most of the years that I have been in the field of nutrition fat has been vilified.  However, in more recent years it’s now being embraced.  So it’s understandable that there can be some confusion.  First, the reason why we need fat in our diet and then what kind of fat we should be having:

Role of Fat – Fat is an essential nutrient in our diet.  Fats provide energy and help support cell growth.  Fats protect our organs and keep our body warm.  Fats help our body absorb some nutrients and even produce important hormones as well.  Fats provide flavor and help our food taste better.  We need to replace the saturated with the unsaturated fats.

The American Heart Association (AHA) has a graphic to help you understand which fats to include more of and which fats to use less of.  I’ll explain it a little more, but first things first.



Unsaturated fats are found in plant-based foods.  They are liquid and therefore do not stick.  They are the healthier fats and the ones and the ones we should LOVE!  Unsaturated fats can be either polyunsaturated or monounsaturated.  Unsaturated fats are found in olive oil salmon, walnuts, almonds, avocado, and more.  Unsaturated fats help lower cholesterol and triglycerides and reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD).  Unsaturated fats are what we want to replace the saturated fats with!  And as a side note, keep in mind fats both saturated and unsaturated are highly concentrated in calories.  If your end goal is to ultimately lose weight, you will want to watch the portions of the fats you are utilizing.  But portion control is key in everything.
Unsaturated Fats 
Saturated fat is mainly found in animal-based foods (there is some saturated fat in plant-based foods but I’ll explain more on that in a minute).  Saturated fats are solid and therefore easy to remember that they stick, ultimately this can lead to clogged arteries.  These are the fats that you’ll want to limit:  animal-based products such as bacon, cheese, & butter.  Saturated fats increase the CVD risk as well as raise the LDL or lousy cholesterol in our body.  And what I would add to this is simply to check portion sizes when it comes to protein consumption.  The quality of your protein is not only important but also the quantity.  Too many times I see people eating a healthier cut of meat, but still are consuming an excessive amount of protein.  Both quality and quantity are important when it comes to protein intake to help with your overall heart health. 
Saturated Fats - solid & stick
Last but not least are the fats that we need to lose.  These fats that we need to lose are the artificial trans fats and tropical oils.  Small amounts of trans fats do naturally occur in some meat and dairy products.  However, there haven’t been sufficient studies to determine whether these naturally occurring trans fats have the same unhealthy effects on cholesterol levels as trans fats that have been industrially manufactured.   Industrially manufactured trans fats often appear in products as partially hydrogenated oils.  Trans fats raise our LDL (lousy) cholesterol while lowering our HDL (healthy) cholesterol.  That’s definitely not what we want to happen!  But here’s some good news.  As of 6/18/18, manufacturers can no longer add partially hydrogenated oils to their products.  They are no longer recognized as safe.  We’ve known this for a while, but to have them removed has been years in the making.  Consider this a nutrition victory!!  There will be a transition time until 1/1/20 if the product was created before this date, however, they will no longer be able to add it to products.  Bye, bye trans fats!  Hello, heart health!


 And the last note to make is the part that says “tropical oils” – while they are a plant-based source, they do contain saturated fat (what is typically thought to come from an animal), so again think coconut oil.  What has been embraced recently as healthier is one of these examples of a tropical oil that while it’s a plant-based oil does have saturated fat.  The buzz started recently due to a science advisory from the American Heart Association that recommended against ingesting coconut oil.  Take a read if you haven’t already in this article here.  
In this advisory they discuss the study that was done showing a type of fat in coconut oil that can increase metabolism and boost weight loss.  That ingredient is called medium-chain triglycerides, or MCTs.  This study reported that MCTs are processed by the body differently than other dietary fats.  The often-overlooked part of this study is that the oil used in the study was a special 100% medium-chain coconut oil – translate, no one uses this coconut oil in the mainstream.  In order to get that quantity of MCT oil you’d have to use 10 tablespoons of coconut oil in a day.  No one should take in that much, nor should they – why?  Back to the saturated fat issue.  One tablespoon of coconut oil adds up to more than 11 grams of saturated fats, which is nearly the daily limit of 13 grams.  So yeah, no one food is the magic cure all.  People often try to latch onto the next thing that will make all the weight disappear or “speed up their metabolism” (don’t you think we would’ve bottled that up by now if we knew what it was?) 

Here’s a clip of a recent video I did with The New Tropic regarding this very same question.  Enjoy!

 What's the value of coconut oil? via New Tropic's website.  And here's the same video via their Facebook page.
Trying to think of how to tell the people that coconut oil does have saturated fat.

So how much saturated fat should one be consuming?  Keep in mind the recommendation by the AHA in general for saturated fat is to replace your saturated fat with unsaturated fat.  Can you use olive oil instead of butter?  Can you include nuts, i.e. sliced almonds, chopped walnuts, to top your salad instead of cheese?  Easy switch outs, but in the bigger picture it’s replacing the unhealthy fats with the healthier fats.  Next, I would then recommend for you to check the portion size of your protein at meals.  In general people are over consuming protein.   The general recommendation is a 3-4 oz piece of lean protein at meals – it’s that side dish on your plate, it’s not the main event.  Start there – begin to cut back or minimally verify how much animal protein you’re taking in.  Obviously make sure it’s lean vs high fat, but in general we need also to cut back on our portions.

If you’ve been told you need to lower your cholesterol by your doctor, the AHA recommends limiting your saturated fat intake to no more than 5 to 6% of your total calories.  For someone eating 2,000 kcal/day that’s about 13 grams of saturated fat.  It’s strict but is proven to help lower cholesterol.
Cashews turned into "cheese".  Vegan.
I talked about it a lot on PBS.  It’s underrated for all the benefits that it contains.  It’s my favorite “F” word besides, food, family, and fun.  It’s FIBER!!  I know, you’re wondering how I can get soooo excited about fiber.  But here’s the thing, it helps our bodies so much more than just going to the bathroom that I think we need to start talking about it more.  Hence why I commonly refer to it as the “fiber factor”. 

Here are the known benefits:

-Regularity.  Yes, this is true.  Not only does it help normalize bowel movements, but it also increases the weight and size of our stools.  People will often ask then is there such thing as having too much fiber?  Not really – I mean, you just have to increase your water intake due to the increased fiber intake, otherwise you can get gas and bloating.  I always say, the more fiber the better!

-Lowers cholesterol levels:  lowers LDL, lousy cholesterol, as well as other heart health benefits of lowering blood pressure and inflammation.

-Improve blood sugar levels in people with diabetes.  Fiber is the part of the plant that you don’t absorb.  So naturally if you’re not absorbing it, it helps slow down the absorption of the carbohydrates, ultimately leading to an improvement in blood sugar control.  So, fiber is a dual benefit in those with diabetes, improved blood sugar control and improved heart health (people with diabetes are twice as likely to have a cardiac event).  I call that a winner if you ask me.

-Aids in achieving a healthy weight:  high-fiber foods tend to be more filling than low-fiber foods.  Odds are you’ll eat less and stay satisfied longer.  Also, high-fiber foods are less energy dense – fewer calories for the same amount of food – and can take longer to eat.

-Reduce the risk for some cancers.

So yes, fiber goes beyond just regularity.  Dub it the fiber factor – don’t worry about how much you need, just eat more plants.  You’ll notice the benefits.  Trust me.


 And finally, one of the most commonly asked questions, “How many eggs can I eat in a day?”  If it were only that simple, I’d have an answer for you.  But alas, it is not.  No, I am not trying to evade the question, the truth is it all depends on your total saturated fat intake for the day. 

Eggs contain cholesterol and while cholesterol in food alone does not raise blood cholesterol levels, the concern is more with the saturated fat.  Think about eggs – what do we often pair them with?  Bacon, cheese, and butter – all sources of saturated fat.  It’s this synergistic effect that then raises the cholesterol levels, it’s not the poor egg’s fault but rather those he’s associating himself with.  Eggs inherently are lean and healthy.  It does boil down most times to what we are combining them with.  And as I mentioned in the beginning it does matter your overall total saturated fat for the day and how it fits – I am a vegetarian and the number of eggs I’d be able to eat might be more than someone who is also consuming other sources of animal protein.  It all goes back to not only the quality of the protein you’re consuming but also the quantity.  It all adds up.  Make sure it’s lean and not paired with high saturated fat condiments – that bacon and butter will get you.  (Yes, bacon and butter may be consumed in moderation, as I believe all foods will fit.  However, also do not misconstrue what I’m saying and give yourself liberty to consume bacon and butter more often just because you said I said so.  Got it?  Okay good.)


So, there you have it.  A round-up from my latest episode of PBS’s Health Channel.   It will re-air this Tuesday, June 26th, at 8 am.  Tune in or DVR it if you can.  Know that you can greatly reduce your risk of heart disease – or slow its progress – by taking prevention to heart.  Making small, gradual changes can make a BIG difference in your health.

Sunday, June 3, 2018

Beyond The Buzz III


Beyond the Buzz.  Is what you’ve heard true…or just new?

With so much information – and misinformation – out there, it’s hard to know what to believe.  Nutrition information is passed along through the media, from friends, the internet, and even some health professionals.  What is true or what is based on flawed data?  What is exploited by the food industry (they are trying to make a profit let’s not forget).  Here’s the truth about some of the foods and/or food trends that you see.

I start off with smoothies.  Yes, I’m going there.  It’s that time of year, almost summer, where it’s hot and all we want to do is drink to stay hydrated.  Enter smoothies (and not to be forgotten juices).  I don’t mean to ruin your smoothies (or your smoothie bowls) but actually that’s not true. I do.  Sorry.  Not sorry.  This is a trend that I’ve spoken about for a while now but still feel the need to do so because this trend has not gone away.  I even had the opportunity to speak with The New Tropic about this very topic.  I got so excited I said that “the blades been destroyed” when I think we all know I meant “the fiber has been destroyed”.  It gets me fired up talking about smoothies, what can I say?  See for yourself.  The first is linked through Facebook.  Not All Fruit Is Created Equal And the second link is through New Tropic’s website.  Click on the 2nd video on the page, Not All Fruit Is Created Equal

My face when someone tells me they're having a smoothie.
It’s popular.  I get it.  And even more so it has a health halo – where people perceive it to be healthy when in actuality it is not.  Now hear me out, I’m all about food having a purpose and a time and place that it might work.  But smoothies in general are being used as meal replacements, i.e. breakfast on the go.  I don’t want people drinking a beverage in the morning to have them hungry only an hour later.  And yes I’ve had people tell me that it keeps them full for longer than an hour, but regardless I don’t want people drinking their food.  You need to eat and chew your food to receive the full benefits.  Not to mention that smoothies most times are too high in carbs and well, no one needs that.  What we do need is balance.  So kudos to you if you’re adding some protein and healthy fats into that smoothie, but I’m still not giving my stamp of approval.  EAT your food.  CHEW your food.  And please pass this message on.
Brotherly Love - see picture above for "that face"
Dr. Robert Lustig is a leading pediatric endocrinologist.  I heard him on a podcast a few years back and have been quoting him ever since.  Our bodies absorb blended-fruit sugars differently than sugars from whole fruit.  (FYI I do believe this is also where some confusion comes into place when people are asking “Is the sugar in fruit bad?”  All depends on how you digest it).  Fruit contains two kinds of fiber:  soluble, dissolves easily in water, and insoluble, which doesn’t.  The two kinds of fiber work synergistically according to Lustig to “form a gel within the small intestine that acts as a barrier” ultimately slowing the rate at which your body absorbs nutrients.  This is a GOOD thing!  This helps to buffer the rate at which the fruit’s sugar hits the liver – allowing the liver to work efficiently and not in overdrive (because you’ve given it too much work at once).  If you puree the fruit, aka make a smoothie, the mechanical force of the blender’s blades “sheers the insoluble fiber into tiny pieces” and “functionally destroys it,” he said.  The liver is getting too much work all at once by the fruits (sugar).  That sugary jolt can trigger an insulin response – possibly leading to unwanted weight gain, insulin resistance, and/or nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.
Mango Salsa - EAT your fruit
What’s the bottom line?  Eat your food.  And if you are having a smoothie, ask yourself what’s the real reason you’re having a smoothie in the first place?  Is it because people have said it’s healthy?  Is it easier to do than eat breakfast because it’s a grab and go?  Did you just finish a workout and don’t have time to eat?  All questions to ask yourself – but ultimately the more important thing is to find out how you can improve your eating habits and remove the smoothie.  If breakfast is the issue – think of ideas of foods you can prep ahead and have ready to go.  Time is always an issue when getting ready in the morning.  Spending a few minutes the night before can help tremendously the following day.  Because let’s be real – who really wants to clean a blender every day?  Not me.  
Strawberry Salsa - EAT your fruits
Jokes aside, I’m talking about this because I see it all over social media and see how people believe it to be healthy.  Even more so because I see dietitians promoting smoothies.  “How to make a smoothie healthier”.  Um, no.  You won’t see this dietitian promoting smoothies (yes I know all foods fit, but I’m talking if this is a very frequent habit that should be replaced with actual whole food, not a once in a blue moon occurrence).  This summer, let’s end the smoothie trend…EAT your fruit whole.  Which leads me into the next buzz in food trends. 

Fiber 101 – These days you look around and fiber is being added to everything!  Re-read what I just wrote, “it’s being added to everything!”  Since when did processed fiber become a fad?  We all know (or at least I hope you know) that fiber is healthy and as part of a healthy, balanced diet can help improve your overall health, i.e. lower cholesterol, control blood sugar levels, keep you fuller longer, and more.  But that’s naturally occurring fiber as found in plant-based foods – fruits, vegetables, whole grains.   So what about added fiber?  Do the claims that manufacturers are making have any truth?  Does that double fiber bread work the same way as naturally occurring fiber?
Your best line of defense is to get your dietary fiber from a variety of plant-based foods naturally.  This is me you’re talking to.  I will never NOT promote eating whole food.  You can’t go assuming that by eating some of these products marketed towards being great sources of fiber are as effective as eating fiber in its natural form.  So what is fiber?  It’s a group of non-digestible carbohydrates that are not broken down in the upper gut – in the stomach or small intestine.  Which fibers do what – it depends on their physiological characteristics to their overall effect.  Soluble fiber dissolves in water.  Viscous, thickens or forms a gel when water is added.  Fermentable, it’s broken down by gut bacteria in the large intestine.  Processed fibers are soluble, non-viscous, and fermentable.  And that makes them the least likely to do much for your health.  Back to my original suggestion, eat real food.  Obtain your fiber from a variety of plant-based foods.

The company for the gummy bears, Smart Sweets, motto is to “Kick sugar. Keep candy.” They want your money.  Their marketing department is good, I’ll give them that.  But once you get into the ingredients and realize that their primary ingredient is a prebiotic soluble fiber from tapioca, or isomaltooligosaccarides, aka IMOs. IMO’s manufacterers are claiming that IMOs improve regularity.  It’s true that IMOs are prebiotics.  Prebiotics help nourish the good bacteria already in our gut.  IMOs are thus a fermentable fiber – so are they good for us because they boost our good bacteria?  Are there any other health benefits?  The research on fermentable fibers and the gut is ongoing.  One thing we do know for sure, fermentable fibers = more gas.  So you at least have that.  Maybe watch how many gummies you eat, each 90 calorie bag has 100% of a day’s fiber (28 grams).  That’s some powerful gummies.  I mean they do claim they’re candy and we all know you might not stop at just one bag.  Errrr maybe you will if you know they’ll give you gas? Can we just please eat real food for our fiber?
Not to be left out – Chicory root fiber, aka inulin.  What does inulin do?  Most studies find no effect on blood sugar, LDL (lousy) cholesterol, regularity, or food intake.  But it has been reported to cause more gas.  There we go again…full of hot air.  Wait, it’s not that kind of gas.

Polydextrose – This form of processed fiber is made by chemically altering the bonds between sugars so that your digestive enzymes can’t break them down.  They’re fermented by the gut bacteria instead.  The claim is that polydextrose will help people to feel fuller, ultimately helping people to eat less.  As I said, that’s the claim.  There are no studies to support this said claim. 

Soluble Corn Fiber aka Resistant Maltodextrin – this processed fiber is produced by using heat to make some of the chemical bonds in cornstarch indigestible, and by using enzymes to remove the remaining digestible bonds.  The claim is that this will help lower blood sugar levels.  There are no studies to report this to be true.  Their label also claims that there are “5g of fiber so you can enjoy every bite.”  I think I can enjoy dessert all on my own with fiber or without – there should never be guilt associated with eating – another blog topic, another day.

Your goal:  28 grams of fiber/day.  Know how much you’re getting naturally from food.  And aim to increase your intake from whole food sources.  Whole grains – so think brown rice instead of white rice, and if you’re not into brown rice, vary your grains up.  Use quinoa, farro, barley, etc. as a substitute for rice.  Beans are an amazing source of fiber.  Think whole beans again, not your bean chips or bean pasta here.  Whole beans – throw some chickpeas into your salad, eat more beans than rice, you get the idea.  Fruits and veggies are great sources of fiber, some more than others.  But the goal is to get 5-9 servings of fruits and veggies/day – more veggies than fruit, but ultimately increasing your fiber intake little by little.  Watch the wonder of fiber and know that you WILL become more regular, naturally.

 Probiotics – are live microorganisms that when administered in adequate amounts confer a health benefit on the host.  That host is YOU.  Most bacteria have a first, middle, and last name.  For example, Bifidobacterium (the genus), lactis (the species) DN-173 010 (the strain).  All three parts are important.  You want to look for the strain with the particular health benefit associated with it.  The only problem is that the FDA doesn’t require companies to disclose which strains they use.  
Typically people start to think about your gut bacteria when there’s been a disruption – antibiotics, travel, or if there is a chronic condition like irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).  Should we take probiotics to reinforce our normal intestinal bacteria?  Our normal bacterial flora do exactly that – keep foreigners out.  That’s what they’re designed to do.  There isn’t really any good evidence to show that probiotics do any good when taken on a day-to-day basis in healthy adults.  Again, remember, it’s meant more when there’s been that disruption.  The research is looking into different strains and benefits to our health from these specific strains.  Here’s one that looks promising.


Lactobacillus reuteri NCIMB 30242 – is a probiotic strain that claims to help your body maintain cholesterol levels already within the normal range.  In the study that looked at this claim, it did show that this probiotic did reduce LDL cholesterol moderately.  This study needs to be confirmed by independent researchers, but this is a start.


The key points to remember when looking to include probiotics:

Find the strain for what you need – remember the first, middle, and last name – all point to what specific strain and what health claim they are suggesting to help with overall with health.

Take enough – You do have to take a lot because ultimately our bodies are good at destroying bacteria.  Labels will list the amount of probiotics as “living cells”, “viable cells”, or “CFU” (colony forming units).  How much you need all depends.

Follow storage instructions – Some probiotics need to be refrigerated; others don’t.  Simply follow the package’s instructions.

Check the expiration date – You want to get the most live cells, so look for probiotics that have months to go before the actual expiration date.

Try foods or supplements – Either is fine, though supplements in this case generally do have higher concentrations or probiotics and are more stable.

 Nutrition is a science that is always evolving.  I challenge you to go beyond the buzz - or wait for me to summarize it for you. Sorting out the research and separating food fact from fiction can be difficult – not to mention that new studies can always change the picture.  Pay attention to reputable sources of information - hello, that's me!  And remember, if it sounds too good to be true, it probably is. 

Sunday, May 20, 2018

5th Blogiversary


5th Blogiversary

Happy 5th Blogiversary to me!!  How has it been 5 years already??  I sat down to think about what to  write for my blog for this week and no one set topic was jumping out at me.  I always have a few ideas but none that I think will constitute being a full blog.  Over the years that I’ve been writing my blog I think the blog has actually evolved so I do write a little bit of this and that to keep everyone up on the latest headlines – and still sticking to my original reason why I started this blog – to help educate people about nutrition and to become healthier along the way, one step at a time.  So, yes, I’ve been writing in this blogosphere for the last 5 years.  Kind of like a part-time job but one I don’t mind doing. 

Blogging has changed more recently and while I never have profited off of my blog, many food bloggers and fellow dietitians are using their blog for profit.  Tie that in with algorithms that the social media outlets have and it actually makes it hard for people to write a blog for enjoyment with all the pressures that they face – are people there to really read the content, do they just want the recipe, or do they want people to click on their affiliate links so ultimately they can profit off of that one blog post they just wrote.  It’s complicated.  A food blogger I follow recently wrote an actual blog all about it, read about it here - All that to say, my blog started and was intended to help give accurate nutrition information.  I’ve never profited off of my blog (nor wanted to, although people tell me I should) as I feel that takes away from the authenticity – yes I buy products but there’s no reason for me to endorse the product when there are many other products out there that are similar.  The example I always give is with peanut butter.  Patients would ask me all the time what brand of peanut butter I buy.  It doesn’t matter what brand.  What matters is that the only ingredient that should be listed on that label is peanuts and maybe some salt.  I don’t care if your peanut butter is from Publix, Whole Foods, Aldi, or wherever, my job is to educate you on what products to buy.  I wrote about it here  and here  if you’re interested in reading more.
I never even took a look to see what blogs had the most views – can you tell I’m not making a profit off of my blogs?  I’ve never been about the numbers in all honesty, but as I was scrolling back through old blog posts I did get curious to see which topics drove the most traffic and which ones didn’t.  And it’s also possible that early on there weren’t that many people following my blog or maybe it’s my use of various hashtags and joining twitter that changed that all around.  Regardless, here’s a trip down memory lane for old time’s sake.

The blog that had the most views of all time and that doesn’t pale in comparison to my other blogs is a piece I did on Type 1 Diabetes.  My former employer actually rolled it out on their social media platforms.  I think that’s the only time I did check the analytics to see the views.  I mean we’re talking over 4,000 views in one day and a total of 10,000!  Glad to have passed along valuable information for a topic near and dear to my heart.  Type 1 diabetes is often misunderstood and even though it is manageable it is a daily job.  Throw in this diagnosis with a younger child and it transforms life as people know it in learning how to manage and control it.  You thought your 2-year old was a picky eater, but now throw in that you have to dose insulin based on what your picky 2-year old will eat and hope that they really do eat everything that you dosed that insulin for.   Every day is different which also can make it a challenge.  My blog post was simple and not even my best writing (ha!) but it did exactly what I wanted to do – help change the misconceptions associated with Type 1 diabetes.  Take a read here if you haven’t already. 

While I am not currently working with people with Type 1 diabetes I did find a way to help educate the community here in Miami.  Part of my current job is to create nutrition programs that are FREE to the community.  There was a request to create a carbohydrate counting class for those with type 1 diabetes.  Using my expertise and knowledge I’m doing just that.  If you know someone with Type 1 diabetes, adult or child, that struggles to understand carb counting – you didn’t know you needed to be a dietitian and mathematician after your diagnosis, see meme above – please come check the class out or even spread the word!  It’s completely FREE and open to the community.  Click on the link below to register.

As per the numbers, the most successful blog post I wrote wasn’t even about food or nutrition.  It was about self-care.  It’s quite a hot topic these days.  May is Mental Health Awareness month and to be quite honest it is often overlooked and/or not talked about.  Just last night when I was watching the NBA game there was a commercial promoting their NBA Cares commercial on Mind Health a few players have come out and said they too experience anxiety and are trying to raise awareness and give outlets for help.  I think part of it boils down to taking time to care for yourself.  We often times are so busy taking care of others that we miss out on giving back to ourselves.  Simply just taking some time to breathe during the day can be helpful in our overall health.  What’s your self-care routine?  How do you give back to yourself in order to give to others?  Check my blog out for a few tips/ideas.   Sounds like something so basic yet so often not implemented in our day-to-day living.  Self-care:  it costs nothing and you gain everything.
One of my least successful blog posts, errr maybe it was just one of my first blogs posted, was a piece I did on nutrition myths and exercise  - general helpful tips to make sure you’re getting the most out of your exercise.  It’s quite common that people are going to the gym and are making the commitment to working out, but 9 times out of 10 they aren’t seeing changes because they’re not changing things in the kitchen.  It goes hand in hand. I can’t tell you how many people “carb load” and all they really need to do is eat healthy and balanced the whole week.  Not to mention that I saw a lady at Publix yesterday loading up on a specific sports drink that was on sale.  I asked her out of curiosity why she was buying so much (obvi it was on sale) but she told me that her kids play outside a lot and she didn’t want them to get dehydrated.  I started a whole discussion on hydration with her – there I go again, passing out nutrition information in the grocery store.  I can’t help myself!  While I’m not saying that sports drinks aren’t required at times the majority of the time you just simply need to make sure you’re hydrated in general with water (fruits, veggies, etc.)   The lady was surprised by what I was saying but she still bought the sports drinks.  I explained that the kids are used to it and it will take some time to adjust but her pocketbook would thank me not to mention her dentist might be thanking me too.  I did a quick follow-up piece on nutrition with the same myths where I updated some of my training regimen when I was training for the marathon.  It had a few more views, but still not that successful if you ask me.  Maybe all the sports people think they already know what they’re doing?  Maybe I need to be more creative in how I title/hashtag my blog?  Not completely sure, but this does lead to me where do I go next.
I did a podcast for FIU a few months back – take a listen here if podcasts are your thing.  Spoiler alert, it was REALLY fun!  I mean I had a really good time just sitting and talking to the hosts about what I love best, nutrition!  I do listen to a few podcasts on my own time and I do believe that they are getting more and more popular (they have been for a while now).  It got me to thinking – should I do a podcast?  Would anybody listen?  Some of the technology stuff has me feeling like I’m cornered and not sure where to go, but the truth of the matter is that I have to grow and learn new things.  A podcast would be the first step.

The other area that I have been working on is an actual website.  I have my blog and post my blogs there, but I had acquired a webpage and have never made it public.  I’m still learning things about it (it’s that technology that has me limited) but I’m determined to create a logo and really finalize my webpage in this coming year.

Other items I have on my list to do/learn – making food videos.  Yes I know these are even becoming overdone, but I think it would be fun minimally to do a FB live of my own and/or tape a few Instagram stories that are actual videos.  Those that know me have seen me in action, but those that just read my blog really don’t know that much about me.  It’d be nice to put a face with the person behind the blog. 

Those are just a few of my ideas to continue to challenge and grow in this whole blogging thing that started 5 years ago.  I have changed in this time – you should have seen some of the first pictures that I took! – I also transitioned in my jobs.  The irony is that I have more time now and blog less, or maybe it isn’t irony.  I channeled some of my stress in my blog and it was a helpful way to document my journey along the way.  I think my favorite piece was the blog I wrote after having my 2nd panel interview for my current job. 

I wrote about my presentation and how stress was stifling my inner creativity.  I had reached levels of stress that needed to change as it was ultimately affecting my health.  Work can do that to you.  Out of my stress and ultimate hope for a new beginning  came one of the most simple yet elegant desserts that I’ve ever made and ultimately one of the most simple yet effective presentations I’ve ever created.  I’m thankful each and every day for my new job – it’s a fresh start and full of opportunities.  
This is the same way I feel about my blog  - I’m able to document my experiences and while some people call it a diary if you will I think it chronicles my adventures all while educating people along the way, simple yet effective.  So many thanks to all of YOU that have been reading my blog.  I appreciate it – even if I don’t know that you’re reading (this internet is a crazy thing).  Here’s to the next 5 years and wherever it leads me…a podcast, videos, or more.  The adventure awaits!